Consistently moist, well-drained soil is ideal but gray dogwood stands out by its adaptability to any type of soil, dry or wet, clay or alkaline, even problematic soil such as compacted or poor soil. This includes southeastern regions of Canada, Vermont, Maine, and New Hampshire. In August or September, the shrub produces white berries with a bluish tint. Also fertilize the area around the shrub, about 1.5 times the diameter of the branch spread. Gray dogwood tolerates a broad range of soils and suckers readily to form multi-stemmed stands of shrubs, making it a useful natural hedge. It is native to the contiguous United States, Canada, United States, eastern north america, and North America. One of them is the Gray Dogwood (Cornus racemosa Lamarck). Dogwoods, even native species, are often affected by many pests and diseases. – gray dogwood Subordinate Taxa. White flowers appear in late spring, leading to white berries in summer—they are edible to birds but should not be eaten by humans. SIZE: 3 Inches QUANTITY: Set of 4 - You will receive a random selection shade and center color +++ Colors may vary between monitors and screens. It has grayish green foliage throughout the season. Stop by, email, or call. Its small, creamy-white flowers occur in branched clusters, and its white or pale blue fruits are supported by red stalks — a characteristic that makes it attractive for ornamental uses. Another common name is the panicled dogwood. Use enter to activate. Its flowers are arranged in a cone-shaped cluster. Centers are either yellow or green. Although its suckering, spreading habit makes it impractical for formal plantings, it can be incorporated into the shrub border and useful as a mass planting. closely resemble gray dogwood (simple, opposite) depending on time of year. A Dogwood tree is a spring flowering tree that bears pink or white flowers. It is not until after the berries are gone that the gray dogwood displays its most attractive feature: the red fruit stalks called pedicels which remain on the shrub until late fall or early winter. - 03) This is a closer look at one of the domed flowering racemes of the gray dogwood. Over 98 species of birds, including flicker, tanager, woodpeckers, and catbird are attracted to this plant for its fruit and use as a shelter and a nesting site. It is tolerant of drought conditions once established. If the shrub has a spread of four feet, you should broadcast the fertilizer in a band at least six feet around. Grey dogwood develops large, white, showy panicles of flowers in late spring. As in most of our dogwoods, the leaves are simple, entire and opposite and the lateral veins tend to curve toward the leaf tip (they are said to be "arcuate"). It often sends up suckers from underground rhizomes, forming thickets. The pointy leaves turn an outstanding deep purple in … They are borne atop conspicuously red stems and attract bees and butterflies. Both Flowering dogwood and Cornelian cherry blossom before they produce leaves, while kousa produces flowers after it has produced leaves. The gray dogwood is native to the eastern and midwestern United States and southern Canada. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. The state tree of Virginia, the Flowering Dogwood has conspicuous white to light yellow flowers that offer magnificent blooms in spring. The true flowers of dogwoods are clustered at the center of the bracts. Dogwood berries are not toxic when eaten, but there have been reports of rashes after skin contact with the tree. The blossom colors may be white, pink or yellow. Also known as northern swamp dogwood, gray dogwood is a deciduous shrub that forms thickets as the underground rhizomes spread. This species is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. Have tree and plant questions? The pointy leaves turn an outstanding deep purple in … Since the 1/4 inch flowers are crowded together, and overlap one another, it is sometime hard to distinguish each flower's components parts. They will also grow small white fruit and small flowers in a dull white. However, there are other native Dogwood species. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. This shrubby dogwood has a rounded habit and it spreads through underground rhizomes that send up suckers. Clusters of creamy-white flowers bloom in late spring. Generally, Gray Dogwood (Cornus racemosa) can be distinguished from other Dogwood shrubs by its dome-shaped panicles of flowers, which are about as tall as they are wide. Gray Dogwood is a member of the Order Cornales and the Family Cornaceae. (5 cm.) Deep green leaves turn purple-red and yellow in the fall. They are borne in flat topped clusters that do not have showy bracts. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. This did not help either. A tough shrub, it can grow in both wet and dry soils, poor soils, and in sun or shade. Tough and adaptable, Cornus racemosa (Gray Dogwood) is a thicket-forming, deciduous shrub with an excellent blue-green foliage of elliptic to lance-shaped leaves, up to 4 in. At that point, you can rejuvenate it by completely cutting it down to the ground, leaving just a few inches. The gray dogwood is native to the eastern and midwestern United States and southern Canada. Younger stems have a reddish color, older stems are grayish-brown. Gray dogwood grows in a wide range of light conditions. s suckering, spreading habit requires more maintenance and pruning for formal plantings. Cornus racemosa, commonly called gray dogwood, is a deciduous shrub which is native to Missouri and typically occurs in moist or rocky ground along streams, ponds, wet meadows, glade and prairie margins, thickets and rocky bluffs. Items may be … Similarly, is gray dogwood invasive? Grows in full sun in wet or dry sites but best in well-drained soil. Dogwoods are either trees or shrubs. The gray dogwood’s numerous small, creamy white flowers are less showy than the ones of the flowering dogwood, but it compensates by being relatively disease-free and highly adaptable to many difficult conditions, such as dry, wet, or poor soil. Another common name is the panicled dogwood. The flowers mature to white fruits in the late summer. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series. It has a self-supporting growth form. In the third year, their color changes to gray. xcellent plant for sceening or to use along ponds and stream banks. Not the case with the gray dogwood; it’s a healthy variety that resists the diseases common to many dogwoods. If grown in humus-rich soil with plenty of organic matter, there is no need to fertilize, in fact, over-fertilizing can damage the dogwood. WHAT: Grey Dogwood Flower Heads - In shades of grey - some are darker than others. Cornus is the Latin name for dogwood, and racemosa refers to the type of compound flower arrangement (raceme). Dogwoods, even native species, are often affected by many pests and diseases. The gray dogwood … Your Gray Dogwood has a lot to recommend it. Gray dogwood is a large deciduous shrub that is also called northern swamp dogwood and panicle dogwood. Creamy white clusters of flowers in May are followed by white berries in late summer that are quickly eaten by birds. Subtly attractive in flower, fruit, and fruiting stalk, and tolerant of wet or dry sites, Gray Dogwood is a multi-season interest plant. Multi-stemmed in form, it will generally reach a height and spread of 10-15 feet. As it ages, the shrub can become a bit leggy. The 4-inch long, lance-shaped foliage is an elegant grey-hued, green that turns a dusky purple/red for autumn. By using The Spruce, you accept our, 10 to 15 feet height, 10 to 15 feet spread, How to Grow and Care for the Yesterday-Today-and-Tomorrow Plants. Chances are you won’t even notice them because birds voraciously eat them in no time. Many people are familiar with the attractive Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida L). gray dogwood General Information; Symbol : CORA6 ... Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class: Magnoliopsida ... Rosidae Order: Cornales Family: Cornaceae – Dogwood family Genus: Cornus L. – dogwood Species: Cornus racemosa Lam. Simple, opposite leaves, 2 to 4 inches long;  grayish-green, elliptic to lance-shaped leaves. Its bark is gray and its twigs have white pith. In late spring to early summer, small creamy-white flowers appear in flattened clusters and provide a great floral show. Gray Dogwood has clusters of creamy white flowers at the ends of the branches in late spring. long and 2 in. Flowers are visited by digger bees. It is sometimes affected by leaf spot. Other species in this genus produce flat-topped panicles of flowers that are wider than they are tall. As an urban ornamental, it can be highly pruned and maintained, meaning that it does not have a defined life expectancy (1). To keep it under control in a formal garden setting requires regular pruning. Gray dogwood grows 1.2 to 3 m (4 to 10 ft) high, rarely to 8 m (26 ft). They are typically bluish purple. These do not grow suckers from the base. It has grayish green foliage throughout the season. The leaves have fewer lateral veins (3-4 pairs) than other dogwood species. The flowers attract butterflies, and some species use them as larval host plants. The following menu has 3 levels. Gray dogwood is a very adaptable, native shrub that is excellent for naturalizing, especially in difficult sites, such as pond and stream banks. gray dogwood Family: Cornaceae: shrub: branch: leaf: twig: flowers: fruit: bark : Cornus racemosa is a much-branched, low, clonal shrub. Gray dogwoods grow best in these areas. An excellent plant for sceening or to use along ponds and stream banks. If you are looking for a low-maintenance shrub in a non-formal landscape, gray dogwood is a good choice. This plant then transform come fall showcasing purple foliage in fall. Dogwoods are either trees or shrubs.Gray dogwood is a native shrub. As its name indicates, Gray Dogwood has gray bark, and its leaves have 3 or 4 veins per side. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Foliage turns an interesting (but not always showy) dusky purplish red in fall. The leaves are 4–8 cm (1 ⁄2–3 ⁄4 in) long and 1–4 cm ( ⁄2–1 ⁄2 in) wide, and typically have 3 or 4 pairs of lateral veins, fewer than other dogwood species. It is typically planted for both its visual interest and profusion of spring flowers. Gray Dogwood flowers are creamy white, loose, and small. I looked back at the leaves again. The gray dogwood grows to a height of 10–15′ and a spread of 10–15′ at maturity. It commonly grows in wetlands or areas with damp soil. The twigs are grey, rather than brown, and a lovely contrast to the new growth which begins as red. Not the case with the gray dogwood; it’s a healthy variety that resists the diseases common to many dogwoods.The gray dogwood’s numerous small, creamy white flowers are less showy than the ones of the flowering dogwood, but it … The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. There were five paired veins on most of the leaves in the pictures (some had 4 veins, others had six). The white flowers are small, with four petals2.3 to 3 mm (0.091 to 0.118 in) … Our trees. The bloom of the gray dogwood in May or June is relatively short, about seven to ten days. The Gray Dogwood is a native, gray-stemmed, thickly branched shrub. If the soil lacks nutrients (do a soil test to know exactly what it needs) fertilize it in the spring with a granular slow-release fertilizer high in nitrogen, such as a 16-4-8 general-purpose fertilizer, following the directions for amounts on the fertilizer bag. Gray Dogwood has simple, broad leaves and white flowers. Fall planting is not recommended because the seedlings have a much lower rate of survival. Building the urban forest for 2050. Frank Mayfield / Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 2.0. Bluish-white berries  ripen July through October and persist into early winter. It has a round headed with a profusion of creamy white flowers followed by white fruits borne on bright red bracts. Grey dogwood is a commonly planted ornamental shrub. Gray dogwood is a native shrub. long (10 cm). It sends out rapidly growing suckers from the original plant so it should be planted in a naturalized setting where it is allowed to form colonies. Gray dogwood is a native plant that is … Although you can grow it as a tree, a gray dogwood tree soon becomes a multi-stemmed shrub without constant attention in removing the suckers. Nadia Hassani has nearly two decades of gardening experience. Other species can be quite different; for example, the Blackfruit Cornel, native to California, has small yellow-green blooms and a fruit which turns black when ripe, thus the name. In a suitable location, there is very little maintenance, perhaps an occasional pruning to shape and give it direction. It is believed to have started in the northeastern United States about 25 years ago, but has been spreading southward ever since. (10 cm.) It is excellent for screening, or planted along ponds and embankments, where it provides erosion control. Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection, Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily). The Gray Dogwood (Cornus racemosa) is considered both a flowering shrub and an ornamental shrub. She works as a freelance copywriter, editor, translator, and content strategist. Foliage turns an interesting (but not always showy) purplish red in fall. The one- and two-year-old stems of the gray dogwood are reddish brown. It will take a couple of years for the shrub to regrow to its original height. 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